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Where can I find the list of all tendons in the human body?

Where can I find the list of all tendons in the human body?


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https://www.healthcentral.com/article/aging-can-take-major-toll-on-womens-tendons (mirror) claims that:

There are about 4,000 tendons throughout the body.

This claim is echoed by a fair amount of websites but I couldn't find any decently trustworthy source.

Where can I find the list of all tendons in the human body?

I have only been able to find a list of skeletal muscles of the human body so far. I'm surprised that there are 4000 tendons even though they are only ~640 muscles: most muscles that I am aware of are attached to fewer than six tendons (FYI: Why some muscles have more tendons than others?).


Your best bet is the Terminologia Anatomica, which is the international standard for anatomical terminology.

The 1998 edition is freely available. It lists only a few named tendons though, which is consistent with my experience as an anatomist: very few tendons are named separately from the muscles to which they are connected. Central tendon of the diaphragm, conjoint tendon, and calcaneal tendon are a few.

Otherwise, it's just "tendon of biceps brachii" (which actually has 2 tendons at one end and one at the other).

4,000 seems like a too high number to me. 2x the 640ish muscles plus some extra for multi-headed muscles and those with internal tendons or aponeurotic tendons seems like a more reasonable estimate.


The FMA lists 705 tendons, but note that it includes separate terms for left and right instances. As @kmm says, many of these simply shadow the list of skeletal muscles (and is likely incomplete).

You can browse the list on OLS, or if you want to extract a table you can query this SPARQL endpoint, just type in the query here:

SELECT DISTINCT ?x ?v0 WHERE { ?x +  . OPTIONAL {?x  ?v0}}

Ruptured Tendon

A tendon is the fibrous tissue that attaches muscle to bone in the human body. The forces applied to a tendon may be more than 5 times your body weight. In some rare instances, tendons can snap or rupture. Conditions that make a rupture more likely include the injection of steroids into a tendon, certain diseases (such as gout or hyperparathyroidism), and having type O blood.

Although fairly uncommon, a tendon rupture can be a serious problem and may result in excruciating pain and permanent disability if untreated. Each type of tendon rupture has its own signs and symptoms and can be treated either surgically or medically depending on the severity of the rupture and the confidence of the surgeon.

The 4 most common areas of tendon rupture include:

  • Quadriceps
    • A group of 4 muscles that come together just above your kneecap (patella) to form the patellar tendon.
    • Often called the quads, this group of muscles is used to extend the leg at the knee and aids in walking, running, and jumping.
    • This tendon is located on the back portion of the foot just above the heel. It is the site where the calf muscle attaches to the heel of the foot (the calcaneus bone).
    • This tendon is vital for pushing off with the foot. The Achilles helps you stand on your tiptoes and push off when starting a foot race.
    • Your rotator cuff is located in the shoulder and is actually composed of 4 muscles that function together to raise your arm out to the side, to help you rotate the arm, and to keep your shoulder from popping out of its socket.
    • The rotator cuff tendon is one of the most common areas in the body affected by tendon injury. Some studies of people after death have shown that 8% to 20% have rotator cuff tears.
    • The biceps muscle of the arm functions as a flexor of the elbow. This muscle brings the hand toward the shoulder by bending at the elbow.
    • Ruptures of the biceps are classified as proximal (close) or distal (far). Distal ruptures are extremely rare. The proximal rupture occurs where the biceps attaches at the top of your shoulder.

    Continued


    Anatomy

    What are the parts of the skeletal system?

    The skeletal system is a network of many different parts that work together to help you move. The main part of your skeletal system consists of your bones, hard structures that create your body’s framework — the skeleton. There are 206 bones in an adult human skeleton. Each bone has three main layers:

    • Periosteum: The periosteum is a tough membrane that covers and protects the outside of the bone.
    • Compact bone: Below the periosteum, compact bone is white, hard, and smooth. It provides structural support and protection.
    • Spongy bone: The core, inner layer of the bone is softer than compact bone. It has small holes called pores to store marrow.

    The other components of your skeletal system include:

    • Cartilage: This smooth and flexible substance covers the tips of your bones where they meet. It enables bones to move without friction (rubbing against each other). When cartilage wears away, as in arthritis, it can be painful and cause movement problems.
    • Joints: A joint is where two or more bones in the body come together. There are three different joint types. The types of joints are:
      • Immovable joints: Immovable joints don’t let the bones move at all, like the joints between your skull bones.
      • Partly movable joints: These joints allow limited movement. The joints in your rib cage are partly movable joints.
      • Movable joints: Movable joints allow a wide range of motion. Your elbow, shoulder, and knee are movable joints.

      Human Body Muscle Diagrams

      We have a collection of human body muscle diagram to help you learn more about the topic. A body muscle diagram is used by different people for various uses. It can be used by a teacher or student for academic purposes. The following diagram below is the human body muscle diagram. Check out and click on the image to download it.

      image via upload.wikimedia.org

      The muscular system is responsible for the movement of the human body. Attached to the bones of the skeletal system are about 700 named muscles that make up roughly half of a person’s body weight. Each of these muscles is a discrete organ constructed of skeletal muscle tissue, blood vessels, tendons, and nerves. Muscle tissue is also found inside of the heart, digestive organs, and blood vessels. In these organs, muscles serve to move substances throughout the body. You can see in the human body muscle diagrams below, the parts of the muscles.

      image via www.pudendalhope.info

      There are three kinds of muscles we need to know about in the human body muscular system. Firstly there is the skeletal muscle, which is used for locomotion and skeletal movement. These muscles are often anchored by Tendons. A tendon is simply a fibrous connective tissues, from the muscles to the bone elements. A Ligament is often found in the joints of the body, and are connective fibrous tissues from bone to bone. The second type of muscle is the Smooth Muscle. The smooth muscles are often found within the organs and structures of organs. The third type of muscle is the Cardiac Muscle. The cardiac muscles are similar to the skeletal muscles.

      image via healthsciencetechnology.wikispaces.com

      image via main.w-delaware.k12.ia.us

      All these images here are free and downloadable in printable quality. Find other anatomy structure diagrams in the other posts in this site!


      What Hurts Your Collagen Levels?

      Besides time, three main things will lower your collagen levels: sunlight, smoking, and sugar. Too much exposure to ultraviolet light makes its fibers unravel. This can lead to sun damage, such as wrinkles. Many of the chemicals in cigarette smoke can damage it, which can make skin sag and wrinkle. Sugar causes the fibers to cross-link and tangle. This makes your skin less elastic over time.


      There are 9,000 taste buds on the tongue. We lose a lot of these taste buds as we age.

      Your skin is the largest organ on your body. On average, your skin weighs about six pounds, and its job is to protect you from infections and germs. Throughout your life, your skin will change constantly, and will regenerate itself approximately every 27 days.

      EPA:
      <http://water.epa.gov/learn/kids/drinkingwater/water_trivia_facts.cfm>

      PCHRD Library:
      <http://library.pchrd.dost.gov.ph/index.php/health-news/593/2749-the-most-intriguing-health-trivia>

      U.S. Census Bureau:
      <http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en>

      South Dakota Health:
      <http://healthcareers.sd.gov/documents/healthcareertoolkit/Activities%206-12.pdf>

      WebMD: Hair Loss: The Science of Hair
      <https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/hair-loss/science-hair>

      Neuroscience for Kids
      <http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/tt05.html>

      MedicineNet: Hearing and Balance Anatomy
      <https://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=21685>

      WebMD: An Overview of the Skin
      <https://www.webmd.com/skin-beauty/cosmetic-procedures-overview-skin>

      This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information:

      THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the MedicineNet Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.


      Human skeleton

      Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

      human skeleton, the internal skeleton that serves as a framework for the body. This framework consists of many individual bones and cartilages. There also are bands of fibrous connective tissue—the ligaments and the tendons—in intimate relationship with the parts of the skeleton. This article is concerned primarily with the gross structure and the function of the skeleton of the normal human adult.

      The human skeleton, like that of other vertebrates, consists of two principal subdivisions, each with origins distinct from the others and each presenting certain individual features. These are (1) the axial, comprising the vertebral column—the spine—and much of the skull, and (2) the appendicular, to which the pelvic (hip) and pectoral (shoulder) girdles and the bones and cartilages of the limbs belong. Discussed in this article as part of the axial skeleton is a third subdivision, the visceral, comprising the lower jaw, some elements of the upper jaw, and the branchial arches, including the hyoid bone.

      When one considers the relation of these subdivisions of the skeleton to the soft parts of the human body—such as the nervous system, the digestive system, the respiratory system, the cardiovascular system, and the voluntary muscles of the muscle system—it is clear that the functions of the skeleton are of three different types: support, protection, and motion. Of these functions, support is the most primitive and the oldest likewise, the axial part of the skeleton was the first to evolve. The vertebral column, corresponding to the notochord in lower organisms, is the main support of the trunk.

      The central nervous system lies largely within the axial skeleton, the brain being well protected by the cranium and the spinal cord by the vertebral column, by means of the bony neural arches (the arches of bone that encircle the spinal cord) and the intervening ligaments.

      A distinctive characteristic of humans as compared with other mammals is erect posture. The human body is to some extent like a walking tower that moves on pillars, represented by the legs. Tremendous advantages have been gained from this erect posture, the chief among which has been the freeing of the arms for a great variety of uses. Nevertheless, erect posture has created a number of mechanical problems—in particular, weight bearing. These problems have had to be met by adaptations of the skeletal system.

      Protection of the heart, lungs, and other organs and structures in the chest creates a problem somewhat different from that of the central nervous system. These organs, the function of which involves motion, expansion, and contraction, must have a flexible and elastic protective covering. Such a covering is provided by the bony thoracic basket, or rib cage, which forms the skeleton of the wall of the chest, or thorax. The connection of the ribs to the breastbone—the sternum—is in all cases a secondary one, brought about by the relatively pliable rib (costal) cartilages. The small joints between the ribs and the vertebrae permit a gliding motion of the ribs on the vertebrae during breathing and other activities. The motion is limited by the ligamentous attachments between ribs and vertebrae.

      The third general function of the skeleton is that of motion. The great majority of the skeletal muscles are firmly anchored to the skeleton, usually to at least two bones and in some cases to many bones. Thus, the motions of the body and its parts, all the way from the lunge of the football player to the delicate manipulations of a handicraft artist or of the use of complicated instruments by a scientist, are made possible by separate and individual engineering arrangements between muscle and bone.

      In this article the parts of the skeleton are described in terms of their sharing in these functions. The disorders and injuries that can affect the human skeleton are described in the article bone disease.


      A guide to female anatomy

      Female anatomy includes the external genitals, or the vulva, and the internal reproductive organs, which include the ovaries and the uterus.

      One major difference between males and females is their reproductive organs. Anatomy specific to females generally relates to sexual function, reproduction, and hormone control.

      Males and females have physically different sexual anatomy, but all sex organs come from the same bundle of cells during fetal development. A baby’s biological sex is determined at the moment the father’s sperm meets the mother’s egg.

      This article will look in detail at the structure and function of the female internal and external organs.

      Below is a 3D model of female anatomy, which is fully interactive.
      Explore the model using your mouse pad or touchscreen to understand more about female anatomy.

      The external female anatomy includes the pubis and the vulva. The following sections discuss these in more detail.

      Mons pubis

      The mons pubis, or public mound, is the fleshy area on the pelvic bone where females typically grow pubic hair.

      Vulva

      Share on Pinterest Female reproductive organs are very different to those of males.

      The vulva refers to the external parts of a female’s genitals. It consists of several parts, including the labia majora, the labia minora, and the glans clitoris.

      The list below provides more detail on these parts:

      • Labia majora. These are the fleshy outer lips on either side of the vaginal opening. The word “labia” is Latin for “lips.” These outer lips usually grow pubic hair.
      • Labia minora. These are the inner lips. They sit inside the outer lips but can be varying sizes. In some females, for example, the inner lips extend beyond the outer lips.
      • Clitoris. The glans clitoris sits at the top of the vulva, located where the inner lips meet. It is usually around the size of a pea, though size varies from person to person. Only the tip of the clitoris is visible, but it has two shafts that extend into the body by as much as 5 inches. The clitoris contains many nerve endings that are very sensitive, especially during sexual stimulation.
      • Clitoral hood. The clitoral hood is the fold of skin that surrounds the head of the clitoris. It protects the clitoris from friction.
      • Urethral opening. The opening to the urethra sits above the vaginal opening. The urethra connects to the bladder, and the opening is where urine exits the body.

      The internal female anatomy begins at the vagina, which is the canal that leads from the vulva to the uterus.

      The cervix separates the vagina from the uterus, and the fallopian tubes connect the ovaries with the uterus.

      The following sections discuss these organs in more detail.

      Vagina

      As mentioned above, the vagina is the canal that connects the vulva with the uterus. The opening to the vagina is part of the vulva.

      The vagina can vary in size, but the average length is about 2.5 to 3 inches. That said, it expands in length during arousal.

      It also contains special structures called Bartholin’s glands. These are two “ pea-sized ” glands that sit on either side of the vaginal opening. These glands are responsible for secreting lubrication to keep the vaginal tissues from becoming too dry.

      Cervix

      The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus. It is a cylinder-shaped area of tissue that separates the vagina from the rest of the uterus.

      During birth, the cervix dilates to allow the baby to move through the vagina.

      Uterus

      The uterus is located in the middle of the pelvic cavity. This muscular sac will house the fetus during pregnancy.

      During a female’s monthly menstrual cycle, the lining of the uterus thickens with blood in preparation for the release of an egg from one of the ovaries. This is to prepare a nourishing environment for a fetus if pregnancy occurs.

      If pregnancy does not occur, the uterine lining sheds. This is called the menstrual period. It occurs every around 28 days, though cycle length varies between females.

      The upper portion of the uterus is connected to the ovaries by the fallopian tubes.

      Ovaries

      The ovaries are egg-shaped organs attached to fallopian tubes on the left and right sides of the body. Each ovary is roughly the size of an almond. Most females are born with two ovaries that produce eggs.

      In addition to producing eggs, the ovaries also produce hormones. Namely, they release estrogen and progesterone.

      Fallopian tubes

      The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus. When the ovaries release an egg, the egg travels down the fallopian tube toward the uterus for potential fertilization.

      If a fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube, doctors call this an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a medical emergency because the fallopian tube can rupture.

      Hymen

      The hymen is a membrane of tissue that covers the external vaginal opening. Not all females have a hymen, however.

      The hymen can rupture as a result of pelvic injury, sports activity, pelvic examination, sexual intercourse, or childbirth. The absence of a hymen does not mean that a female has been sexually active.


      Hinge joints make it possible for limbs to flex and extend along only one axis. The bones fit together perfectly, one convex and the other concave. Elbows, fingers and toes are hinge joints. Certain hinge joints are more complicated to provide limited motion in other directions and are referred to as modified hinge joints. Multiple bones meet at the knee and ankle joints, making them more complex. The resulting structure allows for slight rotation of the knee and circular movement of the ankle.

      Ball and socket joints are the most mobile, allowing a wide range of motion. These are the shoulder and hip joints. The bones in these joints fit together with a spherical bone sitting inside another bone that has a concave depression. This structure allows for bending and circular movement as well as rotation of the limb.


      Human Body Diagram

      The human body is one complex network, universally accepted as the most intriguing construct. It is certainly the most widely studied structure the world over. Undermentioned are little- and well-known facts about the human body.

      The human body is one complex network, universally accepted as the most intriguing construct. It is certainly the most widely studied structure the world over. Undermentioned are little- and well-known facts about the human body.

      A vast array of aspects concerning the human body have been comprehended however, there are facets that await a treatment for thorough analysis. The head, neck, torso, a pair of arms and legs, respectively constitute the external view of the body, often described as the superficial, first-layer of the human body. However, internally, the structure is far complex and intricate. Know that there are 11 organ systems of the body: Circulatory System, Respiratory System, Immune System, Skeletal System, Excretory System, Urinary System, Muscular System, Endocrine System, Digestive System, Nervous System, and Reproductive System.

      Would you like to write for us? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Get in touch with us and we'll talk.

      The human head consists of the brain, a pair of eyes and ears, a nose and mouth, all of which help in various sensory functions, such as the ability to process thought, see, hear, smell, and taste.

      Did You Know…
      ☛ The human eye has the ability to differentiate between 400+ shades of gray, and what’s more, it can identify approximately 10 million colors.
      ☛ Your ears never sleep. Sound is received even while you are asleep it’s the brain that does not process them.
      ☛ Our noses and ears continue to grow because of gravity (starts to droop/sag) and cartilage (which continues to grow as we age).
      ☛ Your taste buds are not only present on your tongue the palate and your throat passage, have taste buds too.
      ☛ Every day, the number of thoughts that human beings process are roughly estimated to be 70,000.

      The neck is the junction between the head and the torso. It has been derived from the Latin word “cervical” which means “of the neck.” Our spinal cord has 33 small bones, which are called the vertebrae. Out of the 33, 7 bones are located in the neck region, known as the cervical curve.

      Would you like to write for us? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Get in touch with us and we'll talk.

      Did You Know …
      ☛ A free bone, indeed the hyoid bone (lingual bone) located below the Adam’s apple, is the only bone not attached to the human skeleton.

      The human torso is also known as the ‘trunk’. It is the central part of the body, and it is from here that the neck and the limbs extend. Some of the most critical human body organs are situated within the torso. The upper part consists of the heart and the lungs these are protected by the rib cage. The middle region or the abdominal area consists mainly of organs which help in digestion. It has the liver, the large and the small intestine, the anus from where fecal waste is excreted, and the rectum where the feces is stored.

      Then you have the gallbladder which stores bile produced by the liver, and concentrates it to produce chyme. Then there is the ureter, from where urine is passed to the urinary bladder and stored the urethra expels urine. Finally, comes the third part of the torso, the pelvic region. This has the male and female reproductive organs. The torso of the human body also consists of the major muscles of our body the pectoral muscles, the abdominal muscles, and the lateral muscle.

      Did You Know…
      ☛ While the size of the human head right from birth won’t change drastically, it is the torso and the lower limbs that grow in length.

      Of the two pairs of limbs that we have, our arms form the upper limbs, also known as forelimbs. In anatomical terms, the word ‘arms’ indicates the segment between the shoulder and the elbow, while ‘forearm’ is the segment between the elbow and the wrist. However, the term commonly refers to the entire limb, starting from the shoulder to the wrist. The arms help us perform a variety of tasks in a day.

      Did You Know…
      ☛ When you wave your wrist, all the bones of your arm are at work.

      The legs are also known as the lower limbs, and they help us bear the weight of the entire body besides facilitating movement.

      Did You Know…
      ☛ The femur bone, also known as the thigh bone, is the longest bone in the body. It is deemed far stronger than concrete!

      The brain aids us to think, comprehend, and create. Marked by folds that meander through the surface area of the brain, the signals in the form of information, are passed from the brain as they navigate through the spinal cord, and then transported to other parts of the body. Know that the brain has four sections: the cerebrum, cerebellum, diencephalon, and brain stem.

      Regarded as the most vital organ of the respiratory system, a pair of lungs is located inside the chest, their primary function being the release of oxygen into the blood and extricating carbon dioxide from the blood. The trachea – also known as the windpipe – serves as the passageway for inhalation. When oxygen passes through the trachea into the lungs, it goes through tiny air sacs called alveoli. As oxygen penetrates the alveoli, the carbon dioxide is extricated from the blood as we exhale.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      As astounding as it may sound, the lungs consist of over 300,000 capillaries. If they stretched into a line, placed end to end, the distance they would cover would be approximately 2400 km!

      The heart is the most active muscular organ, residing marginally on the left section of the body that tirelessly supplies blood to the entire system. The heart pumps and circulates blood through the body, following a contraction-relaxation cycle. Blood is carried throughout the body through the capillaries, while the coronary arteries supply blood to the heart.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The heart can beat all by itself even after being separated from the body. The heart possesses its own electric impulse that causes it to function without the body, provided that it receives a constant supply of oxygen.

      An important organ of the digestive system, the liver is located below the diaphragm and to the right of the stomach. The major function of the liver is to process and store substances ingested through the mouth, and those that we inhale and absorb via the epidermal layers. It essays an essential role in extricating matter that can be potentially toxic.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The liver is a very hardworking organ that filters more than a liter of blood per minute.

      The stomach is another vital organ of the digestive system. The substances ingested will pass the esophagus and lead its way into the stomach. The stomach stores food for a short period while the lining releases hydrochloric acid to facilitate the break down of food. The digestive acid it secretes is very strong and thus kills the bacteria that may cause damage to the lining of the stomach. It is protected from the harmful effects of the acid, by a mucosal substance that lines the abdominal cavity. The process reduces solid food into soft, mush-like matter which is then transported to the small intestine, that continues the process of digestion.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      A new stomach lining is formed within a period of three to four days. Why? Well, know that the digestive acids produced in the stomach are so strong, that they might as well burn a hole, quite literally, through your stomach wall.

      The spleen is an organ that helps fight infection and balances bodily fluids. It cleanses the blood of bacteria and other harmful substances that may pose a threat to the smooth functioning of the entire system. The spleen also functions as the exterminator of toxicities along with unhealthy red blood cells.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      In Ancient Greece, it was believed that the body consisted of fluids that may adversely affect an individual’s mood. The spleen was held responsible for making people feel sad or what was known as melancholia. It was believed that the spleen produced a black-colored fluid which interfered with the normal functioning of the system.

      The pancreas is an organ located above the small intestine. It secretes digestive juices into the duodenum and aids in efficient digestion. Besides, it also controls sugar levels in the blood.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      Researchers suggest that the pancreas consists of taste receptors that can identify sweet substances.

      The gallbladder resides under the liver and collects bile produced in the liver. It releases the bile after extracting water content from it into the small intestine, to facilitate the breakdown of fat and protein ingested through the food we consume.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The gallbladder mimics the mechanism of a balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder enlarges itself with bile. The bile is released into the small intestine to digest fat and protein this extraction of bile leads the gallbladder to deflate.

      Located toward the rear of the body, the kidneys are a pair of organs that cleanse blood and regulate water levels in the body. The primary function of the kidney is to extract water accompanied with other constituents from the blood. Waste matter is extricated from the system in the form of urine. Besides, the kidneys are also responsible for filtering blood and regulating blood pressure.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      Healthy kidneys work toward filtering approximately two gallons of blood every hour.

      The bladder holds liquid waste matter — the urine. When the bladder starts to inflate, it triggers a signal to the brain indicating that its capacity is exhausted, and it needs to be relieved. The urine travels from the bladder through a tube called the urethra to be extricated from the body.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The urethra of a female’s is shorter, i.e., approximately 2.5 cm whereas, in men, the passage is approximately 15 cm.

      The small intestine is a coiled organ where food passes through, beginning from the duodenum where the food intermixes with bile to facilitate the break down of fat and protein. The intestine is lined with microvilli they are tiny projections that help in the absorption of nutrients from the food ingested.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The length of the small intestine is 18 to 23 feet, and is longer than the large intestine. It’s diametrically smaller than the large intestine this is precisely the reason why the small intestine is regarded as “small.”

      The large intestine constitutes the cecum and the colon. As the break down of food is a process conducted in the small intestine, the role of the large intestine is to absorb water and minerals, and process the remains of the digested food into fecal matter.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The large intestine houses more than 700 species of bacteria. They are a source of vitamins and are deemed essential for the body.

      The appendix is a small, finger-like structure, attached to the large intestine. Thought to be useless, it is an organ much speculated for its role in the human body.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      As mentioned, the appendix performs no apparent function in the human body. However, researchers are of the opinion that the appendix is a rather useful organ to deal with certain issues, with regard to digestion. Besides, researchers suspect that the appendix may save you from pernicious infections as well.

      The uterus – also known as the womb – is a pear-shaped organ. The cervix forms the lower section of the uterus, that opens into the vagina. The other major section of the uterus is regarded as the corpus, and serves as an expandable vessel that has the capacity to hold a growing fetus. The uterus has two oval-shaped glands on either of its sides, known as the ovaries.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      The uterus is 2 to 3 cm thick, while in length it is 6 to 8 cm, approximately.

      The testes is the male gonad this being a part of the reproductive system. The function of the testes is to produce sperm and testosterone. The penis is a sexual organ, functioning as the passageway to pass urine and ejaculate
      semen.

      ❒ Know This (?)
      If the testes ache or have a dull pain in the vicinity, it is due to the prostate swelling with excess fluid. This is known as prostatic congestion.

      Arranged here are ten body parts that surprisingly, you can live without.

      The human body is marked by its structural complexity, and maintaining health with the right foods is of paramount importance. However, besides eating right, it’s eating smart that gains a stronger foothold in the health department. It is found that there are certain foods that share an uncanny resemblance with the parts of the human body, thereby deemed effective in maintaining the specific part of the body, too. Thus, in order to keep your body and mind healthy, undermentioned are foods that help maintain them.

      Walnuts ⇆ Brain
      Now this nut is a give away for sure. Walnuts, pound for pound, resemble the human brain. The folds and crevices, too, of the brain are mimicked perfectly by nature. Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, regular consumption of this nut facilitates the functions of the brain.

      Carrots ⇆ Eyes
      Health care providers perpetually recommend to nibble on carrots to keep your eyes healthy and active. Besides its befitting benefits, you must notice the radial pattern when the carrot is sliced diametrically. Get closer, and you are sure to find a striking resemblance between the human eye and the carrot slice. The pattern created looks like the pupil and iris. The most important component — beta-carotene — is potent in reducing the risk of cataracts.

      Mushroom ⇆ Ears
      Slice open a mushroom, and you’ll that it looks like the ears. You must know that mushrooms contain vitamin D in abundance which is deemed essential for effective hearing. Vitamin D is also essential in maintaining bone health in the ears, which include the malleus, incus, and strapes that aid in receiving sounds and transmitting the same to the brain.

      Orange ⇆ Breasts
      The relation between oranges and breasts may go well beyond the obvious factor of resemblance. Oranges and grapefruits, too, maintain breast health and facilitate the movement of lymph in the breasts. Besides, grapefruits have a component called limonoids that help in reducing the risk of developing breast cancer.

      Tomato ⇆ Heart
      Tomatoes look like the heart. It is red and when sliced into halves, it generally has four chambers — characteristics that resemble the heart. Tomatoes are known to be high in lycopene — a plant chemical that protects the heart and reduces its risks of succumbing to a cardiac arrest.

      Ginger ⇆ Stomach
      Ginger root is one spice that more or less resembles the stomach. Besides being added to enhance flavors of your dish, ginger also aids in effective digestion.

      Kidney Beans ⇆ Kidneys
      There is no doubt that kidney beans look like kidneys. They help to facilitate the smooth functioning of the kidneys.

      Sweet Potato ⇆ Pancreas
      A look at the sweet potato and it tells you what it’s meant for. Bearing resemblance to the pancreas, sweet potatoes are rich in beta-carotene that helps prevent the adverse effects of aging on the tissues of the body. Besides, it is also known to maintain one’s glycemic index, thus aiding those with diabetes.

      Celery ⇆ Bones
      Celery is one food that concentrates on bone density. Bones are known to consist of 23% sodium and coincidentally celery, too, contains 23% sodium.

      Avocados ⇆ Uterus
      Avocados along with pears, have an appearance that is strikingly similar to the womb and cervix of the female body. Besides, it corrects hormone imbalance and reduces the risk of succumbing to cervical cancer.

      Clams ⇆ Testes
      Rich in zinc and folic acid, clams resemble the testicles. It is known to improve the quality of semen in men.

      These diagrams help you learn the basics and understand the human body better. Click on the images if you wish to have them printed.


      Watch the video: Der menschliche Körper - Lateinische Begriffe (December 2022).