Liver: Several Important Functions in the Body
The liver is an organ that acts as exocrine gland (releasing secretions) and endocrine gland (releasing substances in the blood and lymphatic system). It is the largest gland in the human body.
The liver performs many important functions within our body, such as: storage and release of glucose, lipid metabolism, protein metabolism (conversion of ammonia to urea), synthesis of most plasma proteins, drug and hormone processing, destruction of worn out blood cells and bacteria, fat emulsification during the digestion process through bile secretion, etc.
In addition to all the functions already mentioned in the previous paragraph, the liver also acts in the storage of vitamins and minerals. It stores some vitamins like: A, B12, D, E and K, as well as minerals like iron and copper.
The liver also participates in the regulation of blood volume, has important antitoxic action against harmful substances such as alcohol, caffeine, fats, etc.
Major liver diseases
The main diseases affecting the liver are hepatitis, diseases caused by alcoholism such as cirrhosis, toxic liver disease, liver failure, fibrosis, etc.