Botany: study of plants
What is botany (definition)
Botany is a science, branch of biology, that studies plants, fungi and algae. Morphology, classification, identification, reproduction, physiology, distribution, mutual relations and with other living beings are studied.
Origin of the word
The word Botany is of Greek origin, derived from βοτανικός, meaning “referring to plants”.
Botany is extremely important for understanding and preserving the environment. In addition, this science collaborates greatly with drug development, as many of them are made from active ingredients extracted from plants.
Principal areas of study of Botany and subdisciplines:
- Plant Histology (studies plant tissues)
- Plant Physiology (studies the organic functioning and metabolism of plants)
- Plant genetics (studies plant genetic material, reproduction and heredity)
- Paleobotany (plant fossil studies)
- Dendrology (study of woody vegetables: shrub and trees, for example)
- Plant Pathology (studies plant diseases)
- Ecology (relationship between plants and the environment, including humans)
- Geobotany (distribution of plants on the planet)
- Applied Botany
- Plant Morphology
- Mycology (fungal study)
- Phycology (algae study)
Theophrastus (372 BC - 287 BC), the philosopher of Ancient Greece, is considered the "father of botany." He was the author of treaties of utmost importance for the development of this science. Are your own: Plant Historys e About the causes of plants. These works served as reference for researchers (botanical) until the time of the Renaissance.
- In the Botanical Gardens we can learn more about the world of plants. Generally, they display various species from around the world, or else specialize in certain areas. There are botanical gardens spread over several cities. They are important in arousing the general public's interest in plants.