Orchid: Exotic and Beautiful Flower
Introduction (what they are)
Orchids are plants and flowers of the orchid family of the order of microsperms. They are typical of tropical regions, although they can be found on all continents except Antarctica. Brazil, for example, is a country where we find a large quantity and variety of orchids.
Main characteristics of orchids
They are admired for the unusual beauty of the flowers, which are adapted for insect pollination. Each species has a different shape and color combination. They feel a sense of delicacy and exoticism. Most species have green stem or leaves with chlorophyll present.
Orchids can be found in the woods and forests, however, due to their high commercialization value, there are many nurseries growing several species of orchids.
The art of cultivating orchids is known as orchidophilia and the breeders are called orchidists. These have already created several hybrid species.
Main species of orchids (most popular):
- Originating in Europe: Ophrys, Orchis, Cypripedium.
- Originating in Oceania and Asia: Dendrobium, Phalaenopsis, Cymbidium, Paphiopedilum, Vanda, Coelogyne, Eria.
- Originally from Africa: Disa, Angraecum, Aerangis.
- Originating in America: Laelia, Oncidium, Cattleya, Epidendrum, Brassia, Sophronitis, Miltonia, Pleurothallis, Lycaste, Maxillaria, Phragmipedium, Encyclia, Brassavola.
- approximately thirty thousand orchid species are known.
- In woods and forests, orchids need certain types of fungi to germinate.
- The science focused on the study (or treatise about them) of orchids is called Orchidology.