Child with mumps
What is Mumps
It is an infectious disease that causes edema in the salivary glands, which can be on either side of the jaw or just on one. It is caused by the Paramyxovirus virus. This disease is more common in children already attending school. However, they may also occur in young adults who have not been vaccinated.
- Transmission occurs through saliva and airway secretions.
- In winter occurs the largest number of cases of the disease.
Main symptoms (after virus infection, symptoms usually appear within 2 to 3 weeks):
- Pain in the salivary glands, which are located in the neck region (just below the jaws);
- feeling unwell;
- Painful swallowing process;
- In some cases, complications from the disease may occur. The main ones are: orchitis (the testicles become swollen and sore), pain and swelling in the ovaries, vomiting, pancreatitis, headache, stiff neck, deafness and viral meningitis.
- Babies should receive the vaccine that is given between 12 and 15 months of age (between 4 and 6 years of age booster occurs);
- Avoid contact with saliva and airway secretions of people with the disease.
- Some people do not develop symptoms when contracting mumps;
- In rare cases, the mumps virus can reach the testicles of adult men and adolescents. In these cases, fertility problems may occur.
- A person who has had mumps once in a lifetime is already immunized for life. Unless you developed only on one side of your neck. In this case, you may develop in the future if you have contact with the virus again on the other side of your neck.
IMPORTANT: The information on this page is only a source for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for guidance and proper treatment.