Global Warming Summary

Pole melting: one of the consequences of global warming

What is - definition

Main causes and consequences of global warming

The causes pointed out by scientists to justify this phenomenon may be natural or man-made. However, research in this area increasingly points to man as the main responsible.

Factors such as the high concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere contribute to a significant increase in the greenhouse effect.

In the greenhouse effect, solar radiation is usually returned by the earth to space in the form of heat radiation, however, part of it is absorbed by the atmosphere, which sends almost twice the energy retained to the earth's surface. This effect is responsible for the life forms of our planet. However, the pollutants present in the atmosphere intensify it causing a temperature increase well above the "normal".

The factor that evidenced this warming has been the investigation of global temperature measurements since 1860. Some studies show that it is possible that the variation in solar radiation contributed significantly to the global warming that occurred between 1900 and 2000.

Satellite data indicate a 10% decrease in snow-covered areas since the 1960s. The northern hemisphere ice cover region in spring and summer has also decreased by about 10-15% since 1950.

Recent Studies

Recent studies have shown that the higher intensity of thunderstorms occurred was related to the increase in the surface temperature of the tropical Atlantic strip. These factors were largely responsible for the violent drilling season in the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean.


The Kyoto Protocol aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Rising global temperatures and desertification may be some of the consequences of global warming.

→ Learn more about the greenhouse effect and global warming at: Ministry of the Environment.