Enterobius vermicularis: Also known as Oxyurus

What is it - biological definition and main characteristics

Oxyurus (Enterobius vermicularis), or whiteworm, is a human gut parasite found in almost every person.

Oxyurus are the most common cylindrical worms, which usually infect children far more often than adults.

It is present in all social classes and is indiscriminately found in both rural and urban areas.

Oxyurus infection

Its infection, known as oxyuriasis or enterobiasis, in humans occurs through ingestion of water and food contaminated with roundworm eggs.

Adult roundworms develop in the gut and lay their eggs in the anal region; if their eggs are swallowed again, there will be a reinfection.

Symptoms of Oxyuron Infection

The symptoms of Oxyurus infection (itching, bowel disorders, vomiting, and nervousness) are not serious and can be treated by taking prescription drugs.


Hygiene measures such as disinfecting kitchen utensils, clothing and other simple personal hygiene habits such as washing hands before preparing food, and also before and after using the toilet, are important preventive measures.