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Darwin: The Father of Evolutionism
Charles Darwin was an important naturalist and biologist. He was born in 1809 in England, living until 1882. Over a period of 5 years, he has collaborated with various studies and research on islands and the coastal region of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
Short biography and main studies
The English naturalist was surprised by the large amount of species of animals and plants found in the surveyed regions. In South America, for example, he was struck by the great diversity of finches he encountered on the Galapagos Islands (western coast of South America).
In these five years of scientific research and in his studies with all material collected and observed, he sought to discover the reason for the existence of this great diversity of plants and animals.
It was in the year 1859 that he wrote one of his main books: "The Origin of Species". "In this work he seeks to explain the evolution of plant and especially animal species on our planet. In another work entitled" The Descent of Man " explains the emergence of the human race on our planet.
Both books revolutionized scientific knowledge about the origin and evolution of living beings on the planet, contrary to religious explanations. The works generated deep debates and controversies, especially among the most conservative sectors of society. But today, Darwinian ideas are accepted in the scientific world.
According to their explanations, the reason for small differences in progeny between animals and plants means that certain species can live longer than others. The species that live longer can generate a larger number of offspring, a fact that allows the appearance of new types of variations.
"A man who dares to waste an hour of his time has not yet discovered the value of life."
- "Man, in his arrogance, thinks of himself as a great work, worthy of an intervention of a deity."
"It is not the strongest that survives, nor the most intelligent, but the one that best fits the changes."
Charles Darwin statue, which is part of the London Natural History Museum's collection.