Developmental biology: focus on the study of embryonic development
What is Human Development Biology?
Human Developmental Biology, also known as Embryology, is a branch of Biology responsible for studying morphogenesis (development from the zygote), embryonic and nervous development of gametogenesis (process in which gametes are produced in sexually reproducing organisms) until the moment of birth of living beings.
Main features and importance of Developmental Biology:
- Fills the gap between prenatal development and Obstetrics, Perinatal Medicine, Pediatrics and Clinical Anatomy.
- Generates knowledge about the beginning of human life and the changes that occur during prenatal development.
- It is of fundamental importance in practice to help understand the causes of variations in the structure of humans.
- Helps in the process of identifying normal developmental processes and congenital malformations.
Branches of Developmental Biology (Embryology):
- Comparative Embryology: makes comparisons between embryos of living beings.
- Chemical Embryology: seeks to know the biochemical processes that occur during the development of human embryos.
- Modern Embryology: uses processes and knowledge from modern areas such as Genetics and Biochemistry.